The twin hydrograph above compares the pattern of flooding Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary for two periods: 1960 to 1975 on the left, i.e. “Then” and the more recent period, i.e. “Now” of 2005-2012 on the right. During the “Then” period, the tall cypress enjoyed an average hydroperiod of 9 months per year. Fast forward ahead to the past 7 years and the same cypress are subjected to an average hydroperiod of 4-5 months per year. Also apparent is the deeper and lengthier incursions into deep drought. During the “Then” period, the water table only briefly, on average for a month, dropped below the level of the pond apple forest floor — and even then only shallowly, i.e. about 0.3 ft. Compare that to the past seven years when, on average, the water table drops below the level of the pond apple forest floor for 4 months per year — and importantly — much deeper, as much as over a foot. What’s the result of this changed hydrology? Peat loss would seem likely and — considering cypress of such tall stature are usually flooded and or hydric — it must be stressing the trees, too.
The old worry in Corkscrew was the the wood storks, or more specifically: how to maintain the rate of the dry season recession for wood storks to forage and nest. Now the new worry is simply keeping the swamp hydrated …
To protect the trees.
Meanwhile, vital freshwater spills unwanted out the Lake down the Caloosahatchee.